Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)

The Genesis

Arduous efforts have been made in the last four decades for Universalization of Elementary Education and to fulfill the mandate of the Indian Constitution. The “National Policy on Education” 1986 and 1992 also gave top priority to the achievement of Universal Elementary Education. Many projects and programmes at the micro and macro levels have been undertaken in the past in this direction. Experiences have shown that as a result of all the past interventions, there has been considerable progress in ensuring access to primary education: there is   increase in enrolment and retention, improvement in school attendance and generation of strong demand for education specially for girls and so on. However, pupil achievement levels have  been generally low and there are wide inter-state and inter-district differences in pupils' attendance and achievement levels.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is an attempt to improve capabilities of all children through provision of community owned quality education in a mission mode.


The broad aim  of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is to provide useful and relevant elementary education to all children in the 6 to 14 age group by 2010 and to bridge social, regional and gender gaps, with the active participation of the community in the management of schools.

The following are the specific objectives of SSA :

  • All children in School, Education Guarantee Centre, Alternate School or 'Back-to-School' camp by 2005.

  • Bridge all gender and social category gaps at primary stage by 2007 and at elementary education level by 2010.

  • Universal retention by 2010.

  • Focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life.

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